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You are in:  Nations > Africa > Seychelles
Seychelles*Seychelles flag
Basic facts
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The country 
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Capital: Victoria
Area: 454 sq km; 175 sq miles
Population: 79,672 (2000 Estimate)
Urbanisation: Urban 57 per cent (1998 Estimate); Rural 43 per cent (1998 Estimate)
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Economy

Exports: Fish, cinnamon bark, copra, petroleum products (re-exports)

Industry: Tourism, coconut and vanilla processing, fishing, coir rope, boat-building, printing, furniture, beverages

Agriculture: Cash crops: coconuts, cinnamon, vanilla; other products: sweet potatoes, cassava, bananas, chickens

Currency: 1 Seychelles rupee (SRe), consisting of 100 cents

Natural resources: Fish, copra, cinnamon trees

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The people

Ethnic: Seychellois (mixture of African, European and Asian) 90 per cent, Indian 5 per cent, Chinese and other 5 per cent

Language: Creole, French, English. The official languages are English, French and Creole, which is a dialect based on French.

Religion: Roman Catholic 90 per cent, Anglican 8 per cent, Other 2 per cent. Almost all the population is Christian and most are Roman Catholic.

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The history

Independence: 29 June 1976 (from the United Kingdom).

Government: Under the 1993 constitution, a President, who is popularly elected to a five-year term, holds executive power. The President appoints a council of ministers to act as an advisory body. Legislative power is vested in the National Assembly, which has 22 popularly elected members and 11 members selected on a proportional basis. Opposition parties were legalised in 1991.

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