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You are in:  Nations > Caribbean > Turks and Caicos
Turks and Caicos*Turks and Caicos flag
Basic facts
The country 
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Capital: Cockburn Town (on Grand Turk)
Area: 430 sq km
Population: 18,122 (July 2001 est.)
Urbanisation: arable land: 2 per cent, other: 98 per cent (1993 est.)


Exports: lobster, dried and fresh conch, conch shells

Industry: tourism, fishing, offshore financial services

Agriculture: corn, beans, cassava (tapioca), citrus fruits, fish

Currency: 1 United States dollar, consisting of 100 cents

Natural resources: spiny lobster, conch


The people

Ethnic: Black

Language: English (official)

Religion: Baptist 41.2 per cent, Methodist 18.9 per cent, Anglican 18.3 per cent, Seventh-Day Adventist 1.7 per cent, other 19.9 per cent


The history

Independence: The islands were part of the UK's Jamaican colony until 1962, when they assumed the status of a separate crown colony upon Jamaica's independence. The governor of The Bahamas oversaw affairs from 1965 to 1973. With Bahamian independence, the islands received a separate governor in 1973. Although independence was agreed upon for 1982, the policy was reversed and the islands are presently a British overseas territory.

Government: None (overseas territory of the UK (federation of United Kingdom colonies)

*Antigua and Barbuda
*British Virgin Islands
*Cayman Islands
*St Kitts and Nevis
*St Lucia
*St Vincent and the Grenadines
*Trinidad & Tobago
*Turks & Caicos
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