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You are in:  Nations > Oceania > Nauru
Nauru*Nauru flag
Basic facts
The country 
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Capital: No official capital but government has offices in Yaren
Area: 21 sq km; 8.2 sq miles
Population: 10,704 (2000 Estimate)
Urbanisation: Urban 100 per cent (1998 Estimate); Rural 0 per cent (1995 Estimate)


Exports: Phosphates

Industry: Phosphate mining, financial services, coconut products

Agriculture: Coconuts, bananas, pineapples

Currency: 1 Australian dollar ($A), consisting of 100 cents

Natural resources: Phosphates


The people

Ethnic: Nauruan 58 per cent, Other Pacific Islanders 26 per cent, Chinese 8 per cent, European 8 per cent

Language: Nauruan (official), English is widely used in Government and commerce

Religion: Christian 80 per cent, Other 20 per cent


The history

Independence: 31 January 1968 (from United Nations trusteeship under Australia, New Zealand and the United Kingdom)

Government: Nauru was first visited by the British in 1798 and was annexed by Germany in 1888. It surrendered to Australian armed forces at the outbreak of World War I and was placed under British administration. The island was occupied by the Japanese from 1942 until 1945 and in 1947 was placed under United Nations trusteeship, administered jointly by Australia, New Zealand and the United Kingdom.

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